UN Security Council adopts new sanctions against North Korea

UN Security Council adopts new sanctions against North Korea

Japan and South Korea on Tuesday said after the passage of the US -drafted Security Council resolution that they were prepared to apply more pressure if North Korea refused to end its aggressive development of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. It provided a complete embargo on oil, oil products and gas, the referral of North Korea to its expatriates (approximately 93.000 according to Washington), the freezing of assets of Kim Jong-un, the ban of the import of textiles north Korean and inspections by the force of vessels on the high seas suspected of violating the United Nations resolutions.

Following the vote, Haley told the council that the oil cap would reduce North Korean oil imports by as much as thirty percent, and deprive the regime of some $800 million in revenues from textile experts.

Republican Rep. Ed Royce, the committee chairman, said efforts by the USA and its allies to counter the threat from North Korea nuclear and missile programs should be "super-charged".

The US had initially proposed a complete oil embargo and also said that the foreign accounts of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un should be frozen. The negotiations reflect differences among world powers over the best way to halt Kim's push for a nuclear weapon that can target the USA homeland.

North Korea has been hit by a new set of United Nations sanctions following the country's latest nuclear test on 3 September.

Security Council diplomats, who weren't authorized to speak publicly because talks have been private, said the U.S. and China were still negotiating the text late Sunday.

Chinese Ambassador Liu Jieyi again called for talks "sooner rather than later".

The 15-nation Security Council voted unanimously to adopt the US -drafted resolution.

Saying "time is running out", Representative Ed Royce, the Republican chairman of the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee said the United States should give Chinese banks and companies "a choice between doing business with North Korea or the United States".

Choo Mi-ae of the liberal Democratic Party said no nuclear weapon has deterred nuclear threats and urged for a diplomatic solution, News 1 reported.

The sticking point will be opposition from Russian Federation and China, the North's two main backers, who are wary of anything that might force the collapse of the regime and the resulting exodus of refugees.

As for North Koreans working overseas, the official said the US expects the cutoff on new work permits will cost North Korea about $500 million a year once current work permits expire.

North Korea's exports of clothes amounted to US$730 million previous year, accounting for 25.8 percent of its total overseas shipments, according to the Korea Trade-Investment Promotion Agency (KOTRA).

"The DPRK has developed and perfected the super-powerful thermo-nuclear weapon as a means to deter the ever-increasing hostile moves and nuclear threat of the United States and defuse the danger of nuclear war looming over the Korean peninsula and the region". "The response and actions the Security Council makes should be conducive to the denuclearisation of the peninsula, conducive to safeguarding the peace and stability of the peninsula, and conducive to push forward the use of peaceful and political means to resolve the peninsula nuclear issue".

Susan Thornton, the acting top USA diplomat for East Asia, noted that last month the US rolled out new sanctions targeting Russian and Chinese individuals and entities.

Both Russia and China have called for a freeze on North Korea's nuclear and missile tests in exchange for a suspension of U.S. If North Korea stages a military provocation, anything could happen.

MCEVERS: Was it surprising that the USA backed off in this way?

Washington has said military action remains an option in dealing with Pyongyang and threatened to cut economic ties with the countries that continue to trade with it.

"The world has received North Korea's latest message loud and clear: this regime has signaled its contempt for its neighbors, for all members of the United Nations, and for minimum standards of acceptable global behavior", Trump said in the August 29 written statement.

Seoul is preparing to target North Korea's leader after the hermit state rattled nerves with its sixth nuclear test and ramped up tensions with the US. "But setting a cap on crude oil exports to North Korea is meaningless".

On Aug. 30, Trump said "talking is not the answer" when it comes to dealing with Pyongyang.

David Wright, a physicist and co-director of the Union of Concerned Scientists' Global Security Program, wrote in a blog post back in July that as many as five major United States cities, namely, New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Boston and Denver were in the range of North Korea's missiles.

A 2013 UN Security Council resolution stipulates that member states must curb financial services or transactions that could subsidise North Korea's nuclear programmes. Are there any indications that the Trump administration is ready for some diplomacy on North Korea? "In short, these are by far the strongest measures ever imposed on North Korea".

"This year, we've entered a realm of sanctions where the effects are really, really going to be felt by ordinary people".

"This in fact is the time when we should be doubling down and tripling down on pressure", Ambassador Ahn Ho-Young said Monday in Washington. "It could well have been smarter diplomatically to work out what China would buy behind the scenes".

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