UN Imposes Toughest-Ever Sanctions on North Korea

UN Imposes Toughest-Ever Sanctions on North Korea

North Korea's Hwasong-14 intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) was more of a "game changer" than a thermonuclear weapon because the ICBM gives Pyongyang the ability to hold the us homeland at risk. A tougher initial U.S. draft was weakened to win the support of Pyongyang ally China and Russian Federation. "We maintain the stance that when it comes to provocations, we impose tougher sanctions and pressure".

The U.S. also provided a fresh estimate for the isolated nation's total oil and product imports - about 8.5 MMbbl annually, or a little more than 23,000 bpd - a figure that's been hard to determine given the paucity of official or consistent trade and consumption data. The new measure also adds a caveat to the original language that would have banned the import of North Korean laborers altogether, saying that countries should not provide work authorization papers unless necessary for humanitarian assistance or denuclearization.

When commenting on the adoption of new sanctions, US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley said the "strong relationship" between US President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping played a major factor in passing the resolution.

It followed up with a sixth nuclear test on 3 September, its largest to date, which North Korea said was a hydrogen bomb small enough to fit onto a missile. Haley has dismissed it as insulting.

"As long we have a very powerful nuclear arsenal, we can ensure the security and peace of the homeland and its people".

There was new political language in the resolution urging "further work to reduce tensions so as to advance the prospects for a comprehensive settlement".

Chinese Ambassador Liu Jieyi again called for talks "sooner rather than later".

Kim Hyun-Wook, professor at the Korea National Diplomatic Academy, warned there are "no means to check how much crude oil is delivered through the pipeline" between China and North Korea.

However on Tuesday some of China's major state-owned banks reportedly stopped providing financial services to new North Korean clients, in what could be a sign of increased sanctions enforcement to prevent any USA retaliation.

"It is important to put an unprecedented level of pressure on North Korea to make it change its policies", Abe said.

If the draft resolution is approved, the sanctions would be devastating to North Korea.

French envoy to the UN, Francois Delattre said: "We are facing not a regional but a global threat, not a virtual but an immediate threat, not a serious but an existential threat".

There are a few things that made it through the negotiating process - for instance, a ban on textile exports from North Korea, for instance. Around 90 percent of the North's external commerce is with China.

Enforcement of the textile ban along North Korea's 1,400-km (870 mile) border with China - where goods are sometimes smuggled across, often on boats at night - could be challenging, North Korea experts say.

"The provisions on the oil embargo have been removed from the text as well", Zakharova said. This will not only starve the regime of any revenues generated through such arrangements, it will now stop all future foreign investments and technology transfers to help North Korea's nascent and weak commercial industries, a United States fact sheet said.

The resolution marked the eighth round of United Nations sanctions on North Korea since 2006, when it held its first nuclear test.

"There will also be a prohibition on the importation of natural gas". North Korea's newly-tested thermonuclear weapon can inflict significantly more damage to US cities than other nuclear weapons it has tested, but the precise degree of damage is far less important than the ability of the weapons to reach the United States. More recently this has typically taken one to three months.

"We don't take pleasure in further strengthening sanctions today", Haley told the council. The person who talked about US troop withdrawal from South Korea has been sacked.

But its provisions are a significant climbdown from the tough sanctions the Trump administration proposed last Tuesday, especially on oil, where a complete ban could have crippled North Korea's economy.

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