North Korea - Adoption of resolution 2375 (11 September 2017)

North Korea - Adoption of resolution 2375 (11 September 2017)

Pyongyang branded the sanctions imposed by the United Nations Security Council "vicious" and vowed revenge. The world may be trying to isolate North Korea, but it is South Korea that seems to be finding itself increasingly isolated when it comes to being able to its defense.

It also includes a ban on North Korean textile exports, which was the country's second largest export category in 2016 after coal and other minerals, and is expected to reduce its revenues by up to $800 million. I mean USA officials say at least the resolution gives them some new tools to crack down on smuggling - again, not as stringent as originally proposed.

While the People's Republic of China has been a longtime political comrade of the quaintly titled Democratic People's Republic of Korea, unquestionably Beijing is quietly nervous about what their erstwhile comrades in Pyongyang may do to trigger a regional conflict which will no doubt result in the DPRK's destruction, but more significantly in regional chaos.

Whatever final text was adopted, she hoped it would "have significant consequences in terms of greater economic pressure on North Korea".

The resolution, passed after Washington toned down its original proposals to secure backing from China and Russian Federation, came just one month after the council banned exports of coal, lead and seafood in response to North Korea's launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). Almost 80 percent of the textile exports went to China.

Starting Oct. 1, a cap on the sale of petroleum products, including gasoline, diesel and fuel oil, that's equivalent to 2 million barrels annually.

A proposed asset freeze and a travel ban on North Korean leader Kim Jong-un were dropped. This marks the Security Council's ninth sanctions resolution against North Korea.

On the other hand, China may have a problem with the United States military crossing the 38th parallel, reviving memories of the Korean War in the early 1950s. China supplies most of North Korea's crude. "The choice is theirs".

The tensions have weighed on global markets, but there was some relief on Monday among investors that North Korea refrained from conducting another missile test this past weekend to celebrate 69 years since its founding.

If North Korea refuses, then the pressure for the worldwide community to ramp up sanctions will increase, as it becomes clear that North Korea's nuclear program is more than just leverage in getting what it says it wants.

The measures were approved unanimously Monday.

Security Council diplomats, who weren't authorized to speak publicly because talks have been private, said the US and China were still negotiating the text late Sunday. Exports of copper, nickel, silver, zinc and the sale of statues were also banned.

The Japanese official, meanwhile, said Tokyo was determined to stop North Korea becoming a full nuclear state.

Kim would be spared from a United Nations blacklist that would have hit him with an assets freeze and a travel ban and punished him directly for the country's military drive. North Korea detonated a device, which it said was a thermonuclear bomb small enough to fit on a long-range ballistic missile. One thing that remained in both of these drafts is a ban on North Korean textile exports.

North Korea was condemned globally for its latest nuclear test on September 3, which it said was of an advanced hydrogen bomb. But unlike in most policy arenas, the U.S.'s approach to North Korea has not been well-established, and neither Democrats nor Republicans have articulated a clear goal in its implementation.

Both Russia and China reiterated their proposal that the US and South Korea freeze all military drills - which anger North Korea - and asked for a halt in the deployment of the controversial anti-missile system Thaad, in exchange for Pyongyang's cessation of its weapons programmes.

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