Three ingredients needed to eliminate viral hepatitis by 2030

Three ingredients needed to eliminate viral hepatitis by 2030

New hepatitis infections continue to occur, mostly hepatitis C. Everyone has the power to influence real change in diseases prevention, access to testing, treatment and care. Awareness for hepatitis-B & C.Things one need know:1. And just one in 100 with the disease is being treated.

There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A, however it is does not cause chronic liver disease and is rarely fatal.

Eliminating viral hepatitis by 2030 is firmly on the global health agenda.

The minister, who made the call at a press briefing to mark World Hepatitis Day, in Abuja, said the disease had become a silent killer because much importance had not been attached to dangers it posed to health.

The WHO baseline data previously revealed that although some of the 2030 targets, such as childhood vaccination and injection safety are within reach, there is a crucial need for all stakeholders, including policy makers, medical professionals and civil society to step-up efforts and work together to address access to effective treatment, diagnoses and mother-to-child transmissions.

Hepatitis A is caused by contaminated food and water and Hepatitis B is caused by unprotected sex and unsafe needle usage.

How can you catch one of the viruses? Peck reminded the increasing number of hepatitis related deaths and urged for efficient testing and early treatment in all parts of the world. Now, however, people are acquiring the infection from pigs and pork products (via ingesting the meat or faecal contamination) in countries like the United Kingdom and France. The causes could be negligence in disinfecting dialysis equipment and reusing vials between different patients. In fact, acute hepatitis manifests itself with other symptoms, like poor appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea, and fatigue; jaundice may or may not accompany these symptoms.

"These virus-infected persons are the potential source of infection to their neonates, members of the family and other individuals", he added.

This year, the World Hepatitis Day campaign recognized by WHO, has asked people to show their face as support in a selfie using #ShowYourFace. Hepatitis B is transmitted through contact with blood that contains Hepatitis B virus.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV), the virus can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis, ranging in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness. However, the range of possible hosts has not been fully described; identifying these is an important area of ongoing HEV research.

There are five main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E.

Hepatitis B is endemic in South Africa, but up until now, little has been known about the local prevalence of hepatitis C, especially in high-risk populations such as men who have sex with men, sex workers and people who use drugs. "Such children usually develop chronic HCV and, without treatment, progress to chronic liver disease and liver failure", Manish S. Bhatnagar, Consultant Gastroenterologist and Hepatologist cum Director of Ahmedabad's Icon Hospital, told IANS. In Pakistan an estimated 2.5 million patients need urgent liver transplantation but majority can not afford high cost procedure. India's pharma prowess has ensured the lowest rates of these antivirals, thereby making them accessible to most of the patients.

The collaboration of Government of Punjab with PKLI is a good example of public private partnership for the prevention and control of viral hepatitis.

Commenting on the same, Dr. B. R. Das, Mentor- Molecular Pathology, from SRL Diagnostics said, "Despite around 400 million people affected globally, hepatitis has largely been ignored as a health and development priority until recently".

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